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Ecology and Environmental Protection


Aeroflot Group is fully aware of its responsibility to society and future generations and strives to ensure a sustainable environmental balance across all areas of business which naturally fits into the airline’s large-scale social responsibility programme, which is a fundamental principle of its operation.

The Environmental Policy of PJSC Aeroflot is aimed at improving the energy efficiency and environmental performance of its products – air transportation of passengers, baggage, cargo and mail. The main priority of the policy is improving the airline’s aircraft fuel efficiency, which helps reduce its environmental footprint while cutting fuel costs – a major contributor to overall operating expenses.

Reduction of environmental footprint is driven by PJSC Aeroflot’s annual environmental goals, such as:

  • reduction of energy resource consumption
  • reduction of flight-related pollutant emissions
  • reduction of pollutant emissions from ground handling and maintenance
  • reduction of environmental pollution from waste generation and disposal.

PJSC Aeroflot has in place an environmental management system. The Company’s integrated management system is audited every year for compliance with ISO 9001:2015 Quality management systems and ISO 14001:2015 Environmental management systems.

In 2019, Aeroflot successfully reaffirmed its reputation as one of the safest airlines in the world by passing the IATA Operational Safety Audit for IOSA compliance for the eighth time. The IOSA certificate and operator status were extended until October 2021. The IOSA operator status is a mandatory requirement for membership in IATA, and for Aeroflot, in the SkyTeam global alliance.

Pursuant to Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 889 On Selected Measures to Improve Energy and Environmental Efficiency of the Russian Economy dated 4 June 2008, the Company continues to implement its Energy Saving and Environmental Performance Programme until 2020. PJSC Aeroflot’s Energy Saving and Environmental Performance Programme is being updated to cover the period from 2020 to 2030. The updated version will focus on the energy efficiency of the airline’s aircraft fleet.

Quality management system

PJSC Aeroflot has an integrated management system in place whose efficiency and performance is regularly validated by internationally recognised external auditors. The management system has as its basic integrating element a quality management system (QMS) which has been internationally certified under ISO 9001 (Quality management systems) and registered under the IATA’s industry programmes (IOSA – Operational Safety Audit) for many years. The system helps ensure that the products and services offered by PJSC Aeroflot’s business units and service providers comply with its flight safety, aviation security and service quality requirements.

Total environmental protection costs of PJSC Aeroflot
 

RUB 37,6 million

Total environmental fees of PJSC Aeroflot

RUB 2,8 million.

In order to comply with national and international requirements for third-party service control and to mitigate risks that can impact quality and flight safety, PJSC Aeroflot holds memberships with the following IATA pools:

  • IFQP (IATA Fuel Quality Pool)
  • DAQCP (IATA De-Icing/Anti-Icing Quality Control Pool)
  • ISAGO (IATA Safety Audit for Ground Operations Pool).

In the reporting period, the Company audited suppliers within the above pools with a follow-up evaluation of the adequacy of corrective actions which ensures supplier activity monitoring across the route network. Specialised committees/structures within the Company develop and implement mitigation measures for all identified risks.

Aeroflot Group’s efforts to enhance the QMS are aligned with the development of a KPI-based performance evaluation framework and assessment of compliance with internal and external management system standards both as part of IATA and SkyTeam alliance and within Aeroflot Group itself. The quality management system improvement activities of Aeroflot Group in 2019 included the following:

  • subsidiary airline consulting and guidance on preparing for IOSA and ISO certification audits
  • continuous monitoring of the airlines’ compliance with Aeroflot Group’s requirements
  • coordination and control of compliance with the EU ETS requirements
  • coordination and monitoring of activities necessary for ensuring compliance with CORSIA, the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation.

To further improve its QMS, PJSC Aeroflot implements innovative management approaches and streamlines its internal processes while using tools that are unique in the Russian air transportation market. These efforts improve service quality and ensure a high level of flight safety.



On 1 January 2019, PJSC Aeroflot undertook to comply with ICAO’s Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), which calls for the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of GHG emissions from international flights by aircraft operators and, as of 2027, CO2 emission compensation obligations.

Fuel efficiency and air quality initiatives

Managing fuel efficiency is one of the Company’s top priorities. Use of modern and fuel-efficient aircraft reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Almost the entire Aeroflot fleet complies with ICAO standards for noise levels and atmospheric pollution.

PJSC Aeroflot has a corporate GHG emission management system in place including a СО2 emission monitoring and accounting system whereby the airline ensures compliance with Russian and international requirements for monitoring, reporting and verifying GHG emissions.

PJSC Aeroflot’s СО2 emissions monitoring and accounting system covers all emission sources across its entire route network.

In accordance with the EU ETS requirements, PJSC Aeroflot passes CO2 emission verification audit every year followed by buying missing quotas on a European exchange to compensate the verified operational CO2 emissions.

PJSC Aeroflot reports on GHG emissions from domestic flights every year in accordance with the Methodology and Guidance for Quantitative Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Organisations Engaged in Business and Other Activities in the Russian Federation as approved by Order No. 300 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation, dated 30 June 2015.

As 99% of GHG emissions come from air flights, Aeroflot airline systematically implements the following measures to reduce emissions from fuel combustion by air transport:

  • Timely repair and replacement of aircraft parts
  • Aircraft replacement with newer and more economical models
  • Implementation of energy-efficient technologies and technical solutions in aircraft
  • Evaluation and selective testing of energy resources with lower carbon intensity for use as main fuel for propulsion systems
  • Evaluation of possible use of certified biofuel
  • Assessment and analysis of specific GHG emissions and energy intensity for main types of products
  • Optimisation of the route network and use of new piloting techniques to reduce noise and emissions from aircraft engines

Aeroflot develops a fuel efficiency and cost-cutting programme every year to further improve its fuel efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions. The programme calls for the following activities:

  • нintroducing standard volumes for refuelling aircraft
  • minimising the difference between projected and actual revenue loads in airports of departure
  • centre-of-gravity control
  • optimal use of auxiliary power unit
  • lower fuel consumption through reducing water supplies on board
  • use of ground systems for pre-flight air conditioning or heating of aircraft cockpit and cabins
  • improving aerodynamics through surface washing
  • improving engine efficiency through ramjet duct cleaning.
  • The Company provides passengers with information on the carbon footprint of its flights: the corporate website has an online CO2 calculator that estimates personal footprint from the flight.

    In addition to the above activities to prevent ambient air pollution, the Company also compiles records and inventories of stationary emission sources on a regular basis. Aircraft parts and components are painted in stationary paint booths equipped with filters. The gas cleaning equipment performance is checked every year. The cleaning equipment efficiency is 85% to 90%.

    Direct and specific GHG emissions from Aeroflot Group airlines

    Direct and specific GHG emissions from Aeroflot airline

    In 2019, these activities helped PJSC Aeroflot reduce fuel consumption:
    by
    17,7
    thousand tonnes, which is equivalent to decreasing СО 2 emissions by
    55,7
    thousand tonnesСО 2

    This reduction of СО 2 emissions corresponds to:
    286
    flights of Boeing 777-300 between Moscow and Vladivostok
    6 289
    flights of Sukhoi Superjet 100 between Moscow and Saint Petersburg

    Carbon Disclosure Project

    PJSC Aeroflot participates in the international Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) that calls for disclosing climate change management and GHG emission data. Under the CDP, companies from across the globe make standardised reports on their greenhouse gas emissions and climate change activities.

    PJSC Aeroflot’s CDP score (D – level of disclosure) remained unchanged from the previous year.

    In order to improve its CDP score, PJSC Aeroflot developed and implemented a corporate GHG emission management system in 2019. Under the system, the airline continuously monitors direct and indirect GHG emissions and verifies GHG emission reports in accordance with ISO 14064-1 every year.

    PJSC Aeroflot’s Greenhouse Gas Emission Management Guidelines were approved, and the Company prepared reports on direct and indirect GHG emissions in 2017 and 2018, which successfully passed verification for compliance with ISO 14064 by a third party – the Russian branch of Bureau Veritas, a world leader in certification and verification.

    Sustainable water use

    Aeroflot is committed to sustainable water use and reducing negative impact on waterbodies. The Company monitors treatment performance and the quality of wastewater and surface water discharged by the treatment facilities of PJSC Aeroflot’s offices in Melkisarovo on a monthly basis. In April 2019, the Company suspended the treatment facility operation to replace filter elements, clean and paint holding tanks.

    As the offices discharge little wastewater, no violations of pollutant weight limits were detected in 2019.

    Aeroflot timely discloses all the required environmental data on the use of water resources to environmental authorities.

    Water consumption by PJSC Aeroflot*, thousand cubic metres

    2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
    Total 133,2 134,2 135,4 154,1 126,3
    from the public water supply network 133,2 134,2 135,4 154,1 126,3

    Water discharge by PJSC Aeroflot*, thousand cubic metres

    2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
    Total 134,0 134,9 136,3 151,8 109,4
    treated water** 1,4 1,2 1,4 3,1 4,7
    conveyed to other companies for treatment*** 132,6 133,7 134,9 148,7 104,7
    * Data for Moscow and the Moscow Region.
    ** Surface runoff from the office premises.
    *** Sewerage.

    Reducing and disposing of industrial and commercial waste

    Aeroflot places high emphasis on setting up proper industrial waste collection sites and waste sorting. The Company regularly inspects land and sites for temporary storage of industrial waste and tracks industrial and commercial waste volumes and movement. All waste is disposed of in due time. The Company submits all the required environmental reporting documents to environmental authorities.

    A total of 10.2 tonnes of paper and cardboard was handed over for recycling in 2019, which helped save 102 trees and reduce CO2 emissions by 17.4 tonnes. The Company also set up battery collection sites at its facilities in Moscow and Sheremetyevo airport.

    No critical industrial spills were registered at PJSC Aeroflot in 2019.

    Seeking to raise environmental awareness among its employees, the Company regularly runs environmental workshops and webinars.

    Total waste by hazard class, tonnes

    2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
    TOTAL 9 777,2 8 852,8 8 365,7 9 949,2 8 791,0
    Hazard class 1 2,2 3,9 2,4 2,2 2,1
    Hazard class 2 1,4 4,8 6,4 5,4 3,7
    Hazard class 3 2 448,5 2 508,3 2 353,4 3 540,2 2 526,1
    Hazard class 4 6 919,6 5 643,7 5 352,1 5 663,2 5 397,8
    Hazard class 5 405,5 692,0 651,4 738,2 861,3

    Total waste by disposal method, tonnes

    2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
    Recycling 308.5 258.7 262.2 118.3 162.0
    Treatment 2,325.6 2,430.1 2,247.7 3,572.6 2,565.0
    Landfilling 7,138.4 6,164.0 5,855.8 6,258.3 6,064.0
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